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Human-Wildlife Conflict Management and Conservation

Faculty-LedFaculty-Led | Ecology & Conservation Tanzania

Module Overview

Northern Tanzania is home to an extremely high density of wildlife and is one of the world’s greatest centers of large mammal biodiversity. Today, human population growth, unplanned development, agricultural expansion, human-wildlife conflict, and climate change threaten the future of the region. This program, in partnership with an organization called Tanzania People & Wildlife (TPW), provides hands-on, experiential learning in the area of human wildlife conflict management.  Students will explore cutting edge methods and strategies employed to protect endangered wildlife and empower rural communities across this region. Students will also gain greater insight into the Maasai culture as they engage with these iconic tribal people.


This module will be based for the most part at or near TPW’s Noloholo Environmental Center, situated on the Maasai Steppe in a beautiful wilderness area east of Tarangire National Park. The Maasai Steppe is a vast landscape stretching from the Usambara Mountains to the Great Rift Valley. These lands are home to Maasai pastoralists and an extraordinary diversity of endangered or vulnerable species including elephant, lion, cheetah, leopard, wild dog, fringe-eared oryx, and giraffe as well as a host of other large mammals including buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, gerenuk, and eland.  Field trips will be made into the surrounding rangelands as well as Tarangire National Park.  Most nights will be spent at the picturesque Oldonyo Nape Campsite, north-west of the Noloholo Environmental Center.  The community owned campsite, complete with tents, mattresses and shared ablutions, while basic, is comfortable and secure, and provides an excellent, “home away from home” base for the program. Hearty meals, showers and meeting areas are also provided.   A few nights during the program will also be spent at the Noloholo Environmental Center in dormitory-style accommodation.

Program Length

The minimum duration for this module is 12 days.  The maximum length is 28 days (longer modules may incorporate additional study locations).

Educational Outcomes

  • A basic knowledge of the key problems and questions around human-wildlife conflict, and wildlife and habitat conservation in Northern Tanzania
  • Practical field experience in conservation working alongside conservationists and Maasai communities
  • An understanding of the cultural perceptions surrounding wildlife and its value to local communities
  • A basic grasp of alternative landuse options and income generation through sustainable enterprise development
  • Exposure to wildlife and the ecology of Northern Tanzania
  • An understanding of wildlife monitoring techniques
  • Teaching and communication skills through participation in wildlife clubs for Maasai youth
  • An expanded world view through authentic, daily cross-cultural interaction with conservationists and Maasai community members


Adrian Maarschalk

Adrian holds a Bachelor of Commerce degree from Rhodes University, South Africa. Having been born and brought up in Zimbabwe, the opportunity to join the EDU Africa team came for him after a season spent living and working in New Zealand for four years.  With almost 9 years experience operating group tours and educational programs around East Africa, Adrian is passionate about facilitating group travel, education programs, service-learning experiences and cross-cultural engagement.

“I have a wonderful wife and two amazing children and we currently live in Tanzania where I work with EDU Africa. It is a privilege for me to be involved in sharing the culture and beauty of East Africa with travellers and students from all over the world.”


Laly Lichtenfeld

Dr. Laly Lichtenfeld is a woman with a passion for Africa and for conservation. Residing in Tanzania, Laly co-founded the African People & Wildlife Fund in 2005 to help rural communities conserve and benefit from their wildlife and natural resources. Laly first traveled to the continent with the National Outdoor Leadership School in 1992.

Moved by the remarkable wildlife, cultures and landscapes of East Africa, she was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to evaluate a community-based conservation (CBC) project in southern Kenya. In 2005, Laly received her Ph.D. from Yale University for novel research combining wildlife ecology and social ecology in an interdisciplinary study of human-lion relationships, interactions and conflicts on the Maasai Steppe of Northern Tanzania. Today, with 20 years of on-the-ground experience in East African wildlife conservation, Laly specializes in human-wildlife conflict prevention, species conservation focusing on lions and other big cats, community empowerment and engagement in natural resource management, conservation education, and the development of conservation incentives for rural people. Laly is a Distinguished Alumni of the Yale Tropical Resources Institute, a National Geographic Explorer and six-time National Geographic Big Cats Initiative grantee, an invited member of the Clinton Global Initiative, and a recipient of the 2016 Lowell Thomas Award for Open Space Conservation from the historic Explorers Club

Charles Trout

Charles Trout is Co-Founder and Director of Programs of Tanzania People & Wildlife. Born in former Zaire, Charles Trout has spent his life in and around the protected areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, and Tanzania. Charles brings his complex local knowledge, significant linguistic skills, and a lifetime of experience to the development and application of the organization’s unique programming.

He specializes in East African wildlife conservation, working with rural communities, and managing a large, multi-cultural team. With multifaceted skills including team management, mechanics, green design, construction, carpentry, electrical engineering, and information technologies, Charles also ensures the effective functioning of the Noloholo Environmental Center while inspiring the creative design behind many of the organization’s technical innovations. Passionate about Africa’s diverse wildlife and wild places, Charles believes it is critical to work with rural communities if we are to ensure the future of much of the continent’s natural heritage.

Customize Your Program

We pride ourselves in our ability to customize a program that will meet your requirements, exceed your expectations and make your vision come to life. Thank you for your interest in this module and developing a faculty-led program with EDU Africa.

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